Prostate cancer is very common in male patients. It usually arise in older age usually after 60 years. When diagnosed with prostate cancer, there are many questions that arise. It is important to learn and understand available treatment options in order to take better decision.
Prostate Cancer Program at Kathmandu Cancer Centre offers the highest-quality care for screening, diagnosis and treatment of this disease cancer. This uro-oncology team helps you to understand your best treatment options for Prostate Cancer.
The prostate is a gland located below a male’s bladder. Its main function is to secrete prostatic fluid, which makes up a large portion of seminal fluid. Unfortunately, the prostate may become cancerous in certain males. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men worldwide.
When to see a doctor
Early stage disease is usually asymptomatic. You should definitely see doctors advise if you notice any of following symptoms.
- A painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation.
- Frequent urination, particularly at night.
- Difficulty stopping or starting urination.
- Sudden erectile dysfunction.
- Blood in urine or semen.
What are symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer in its early stages is usually not accompanied by any noticeable symptoms. As the cancer grows, however, it begins to put more pressure on the urethra, and will then begin to cause a variety of symptoms especially affecting the lower urinary tract.
For example, more frequent urination (especially at night); pain or burning sensation while urinating; urinary retention (an inability to fully empty the bladder); difficulty in starting, maintaining, or stopping the urine stream; straining to urinate, etc.
If left untreated, patients will have greater difficulty and more frequent urination, to the point that they may urinate blood.
Even if you don’t have any symptoms, it is better to do screening test regularly. See the guideline for screening here.
For screening package in KCC hospital, please click here.
The stages of the cancer are determined by the location of the cancer cells, what parts of the body the cancer has spread to, and abnormal functioning of bodily organs. Knowledge of the stage of the cancer is important to treatment, as it helps the doctor with determining the most appropriate treatment.
Prostate cancer is divided into 4 stages:
Stage 1 – This is the beginning stage. Cancer is found in the prostate only and cancer cells have not yet spread.
Stage 2 – The tumor has grown slightly larger, and is found in more than one-half of one lobe of the prostate or in both lobes, but has not spread beyond the prostate.
Stage 3 – Cancer cells have spread and broken through the outer layer of the prostate gland and may have spread into the seminal vesicles (tubes that carry semen).
Stage 4 – Cancer cells have spread (metastasized) outside the prostate to other tissues, commonly including the bones and lymph nodes.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
- Radiation Therapy – This includes both brachytherapy (internal radiation) and external beam radiation. The type of radiation therapy used depends on whether the level of the prostate cancer is low-risk, intermediate-risk, or high-risk.
- Chemotherapy – Improved treatment results are currently being seen with chemotherapy if disease has spread to different part of body.
- Hormone Therapy – This is often used as an additional treatment after radiotherapy or in cases where the cancer is in a metastatic stage. With this treatment, the physician will try to reduce or stop the body from producing the male hormone testosterone through medication
- Surgery- This treatment is especially useful for early stage disease.
- Active surveillance: For very low risk disease, only regular surveillance is good enough. Treatment can be started if disease begin to spread.
Why choose Kathmandu Cancer Center for Prostate cancer treatment in Nepal ?
Prostate Cancer management in this current era is a teamwork and involves the combined team effort of surgical, medical and radiation oncologists. We approach all cases in a holistic way. The cases are discussed in tumor board to decide the best treatment protocol for them and then they are explained the treatment plan. This individualized treatment plan gives every patient their best chance of cure.
We provide complete treatment for prostate cancer in Nepal . Preserving quality of life and going back to work and leaving healthy life are important treatment goals for these patients.
Area of expertise of our medical team:
- Precision radiotherapy with IMRT/VMAT
- Chemotherapy and Hormonal Therapy
- Bone health management
- Uro-oncology & men’s health services.
Prostate Cancer & Uro-Oncology Team
Dr Subhas Pandit – Clinical Oncology
Dr Simit Sapkota – Clinical Oncology
Dr Abish Adhikari – Radiation Oncology
Dr Deep Lamichhane – Surgical Oncology
Dr Sundar Suwal – Intervention Radiology
Dr Rakesh Pathak – Pathology
Contact us now for appointment or consultation.